Active Learning Strategies and Examples
1. What is a learning strategy?
- Learning strategies are measures and schemes that learners actively use in order to achieve their learning goals.
- Learning strategy is the basic condition to improve learning efficiency and ensure the learning effect.
- Learning strategy is a kind of procedural knowledge, which consists of a series of rules and skill systems.
- Learning strategies can be developed through teaching.
2. What are the learning and development strategies and learning strategies examples?
1. Six learning and development strategies of Nesbit and others.
2. Weinstein's four-component theory
- Cognitive information processing strategies, such as finishing strategies.
- Active learning strategies, such as self-examination;
- Supportive strategies, such as the way to deal with anxiety;
- Met cognitive strategies, such as monitoring the acquisition of new information. Based on this division, Weinstein developed a learning strategy scale, which consists of ten subscales: information processing, key points of selection, examination strategy, attitude, motivation, time management, concentration, anxiety, learning aids, and self-examination.
3. Dan Sellen's learning strategy system
The second is the auxiliary strategy to maintain the appropriate psychological state. It includes three sub-strategies: planning and scheduling, attention management, monitoring, and diagnosis. In the process of learning, basic strategies, and auxiliary strategies complement each other.
4. Mikka's learning strategy classification system
Cognitive strategy refers to the strategies that students use to process and organize learning materials; met cognitive strategy refers to the strategies that learners use to evaluate their own understanding, arrange learning time, choose effective plans to learn or solve problems, monitor their own learning situation, etc.
Learning resource management strategy refers to the strategies that are used to assist students in managing the available environments and resources. These strategies are in line with students' learning motivation and are closely related.
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- Active Learning Strategies and Examples
3. What are the types of learning strategies?
Compared with other learning strategies, it only keeps information, so it is a relatively low-level information processing strategy. In the process of learning and teaching, repetition and rote memorization cannot be equated.
In order to ensure effective retelling, learners should pay attention to the following aspects of the learning process:
1. Review in time
The process of forgetting is fast first and then slow. On this basis, the famous Ebbinghaus forgetting curve is drawn.
2. Centralized review and decentralized review
Second, decentralized learning is to repeat learning once or several times every other period of time, such as homework and unit review. For most students and learning materials, the effect of decentralized review is better than that of centralized review.
3. Trying to remember
4. Using the serial position effect in memory
In order to ensure the learning effect of these materials, we can make full use of the series position effect of learning materials, arrange the series position and time sequence of materials skillfully, and put the key points and difficulties of learning in the most favorable position and time for memory.
5. Mobilize multiple senses to participate in learning
6. Using the similarity of situation and mood to improve the effect of retelling.
Compared with the retelling strategy, the finishing strategy is a higher level and more precise information processing strategy. It is found that the more detailed and in-depth learners process materials, the stronger their mastery of knowledge.
Types of instructional strategies.
One is the strategy of memory strategy:
How to improve memory for studying
Students often use the marking method in their study, but whether the marking method can promote their study depends on whether the students are in the key of the material.
Researchers at Cornell University in the United States have summed up an effective note-taking method, called the 5R note-taking method, also known as the Cornell note-taking method. This method is suitable for almost all classroom self-study occasions. 5R refers to a term that starts with five "R" letters: record, reduce, recite, reflect, and review.
When teaching outline skills, teachers can first provide a well-listed outline, and then explain how these outlines guide the materials. Next, they can use various incomplete outlines to train students to step by step.
When drawing a relationship diagram, we should first find out the main knowledge points, which are represented by the core concepts. Then analyze the relationship between this knowledge points, and indicate the internal relationship between these knowledge points with appropriate diagrams.
Successful students will estimate the difficulty of the task, predict how long it will take to complete the task, what difficulties they will encounter to complete the task and how to solve them before they start to perform the task. These estimates and predictions are actually, learners using their own planning strategies to make positive preparations for learning activities.
Monitoring strategies alert learners to possible problems in their attention and understanding, so as to find out and modify them. When learning a piece of material, successful learners can usually realize where they understand it, where they don't understand it, if they don't understand it, what's the problem?
Whether the information is not enough, or the method or strategy is not appropriate. For primary school students, important monitoring strategies are to focus on and grasp the learning content.
Teachers can use five learning strategies for students:
4. What are the factors that affect the mastery and application of learning strategies?
(1) Internal factors
1. Learning motivation
2. The cognitive development level of learners
Teachers should aim at the characteristics of cognitive development of students of different ages and help students develop and use useful learning strategies suitable for their characteristics.
3. Learner's original knowledge and experience
(II) External factors
The other is to train learning strategies in specific disciplines, that is, to teach methods and thinking skills suitable for specific fields according to specific subject contents.
In a learning environment that emphasizes competition, surpasses others, and obeys teachers' instructions, students tend to use more surface processing strategies and avoid asking for help.
5. What is the basic principle of teaching and learning?
At the same time, we should also consider the level of learning strategies, we must give students a large number of various strategies. For primary school students, it is very important to choose learning strategies suitable for their cognitive and met cognitive development level.
3. Effective monitoring.
4. Personal efficacy:
Those who can use strategies effectively believe that as long as they use a certain strategy, it will have an impact on their performance. Teachers must give students some opportunities to feel the effectiveness of strategies.
6. What principles and objectives should be considered in determining the teaching techniques
Therefore, it is difficult to determine the teaching techniques of learning strategy. We can only talk about some basic principles on how to choose and determine teaching techniques.
- To teach students a large number of learning methods and skills that can be extracted or selected.
- Train students to know how to determine learning objectives and what they need to learn.
- Help students to store information about learning and learning methods or strategies.
7. What are the teaching measurements of learning strategies?
These two schemes have advantages and disadvantages. Strategy teaching should take into account both, not the two opposite.
- Clearly tell students how to use specific methods and demonstrate.
- Transfer students to manage strategy learning by themselves, but teachers should tell students when to check the effectiveness of their strategies and how to check them.
- Provide enough teaching time.
- According to the relationship between students' learning results and strategy learning, teachers reflect on their own strategy teaching practice and adjust the existing problems in teaching in time to meet the requirements of improving students' learning strategies.
You will find the following books useful for your purpose.
- History of the Peloponnesian War by Thucydides
- Rules for Radicals, Reveille for Radicals by Saul Alinsky
- The Power Broker: Robert Moses and the Fall of New York by Robert Caro
- The 33 Strategies of War, The 48 Laws of Power by Robert Greene
Effective Learning Strategies (video)
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