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What-are-the-principles-and-elements-of-interpersonal-communication

What is interpersonal communication?

Interpersonal communication refers to the interaction and influence between people, specifically, people provide products or services to each other. On the surface, interpersonal activities are complex in form, random in time, trivial in content, and changeable in an object. It seems that there is no certainty and regularity. 

In fact, interpersonal communication is a generalized form of commodity exchange, which follows the basic principle of "equivalence" just like commodity exchange. 

On the one hand, the principle of "equivalence" needs to be maintained by the external constraints of various political, economic, and cultural aspects of society, on the other hand, it needs to be maintained by the internal guiding force generated by personal emotions and wills.





    Concept of interpersonal communication

    The so-called interpersonal communication is, generally speaking, that is, people to people exchanges and exchanges. In human social life, it is inevitable to communicate with people. It is impossible for every human individual to exist independently in the world without others, society, and groups. 

    Although in real life, each of us is not unfamiliar with "interpersonal communication", when social psychologists study this social life phenomenon, they have given the concept of "interpersonal communication" rich psychological connotation. 

    The "interpersonal communication" used in social psychology generally refers to the process of information exchange and emotional communication between people in social activities. Interpersonal communication is an important way of human social activities. 

    It is a practical activity that is carried out every moment. For example, individuals and individuals, individuals, and groups, as well as groups and groups, all meet their social needs through such activities. ???


    The importance of interpersonal skills in contemporary society

    Interpersonal communication is the way of human social existence and a key element of human practical activities. Human practical activities can only be realized by means of various forms, and interpersonal communication is the most basic and important form. 

    In a sense, interpersonal communication directly affects and promotes the development of society. In the development of modern information society, with the diversification of interpersonal communication forms, the role of interpersonal communication is becoming more and more obvious and important.

    A philosopher once said, "a man without communication ability is like a ship on land, never reaching the sea of life.". People learn knowledge, enter society, understand themselves, and get love, etc. all happen in interpersonal communication. 

    Without good interpersonal communication ability, they can neither succeed, nor get the happiness of life and physical and mental health. For college students, in the face of the increasingly fierce competition in today's society and the increasingly high demand for talent ability. 

    Their comprehensive quality has become the focus of the attention of many enterprises and employers, and in the comprehensive quality, the most important is the communication ability of college students. Even in school, interpersonal skills are equally important. They are the basis of forming and shaping their own healthy personality quality.


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    What are the basic principles of interpersonal communication?

    In our society, the basic principles of interpersonal communication are as follows:


    (1) The principle of equality: 

    In socialist social interactions, the principle of equality must first be adhered to. No matter whether it is official or private, there is no high or low.baiTo be cheap, you have to communicate as friends in order to have a deep friendship. Don't be inferior due to short working hours, lack of experience, and poor economic conditions, and don't be arrogant because you are a college graduate, young, and beautiful. These mentalities all affect the smooth development of interpersonal relationships.

    (2) The principle of compatibility: 

    Mainly psychological compatibility, that is, the harmonious relationship between people, tolerance, inclusion, tolerance, and tolerance when getting along with others. Take the initiative to interact with others, make friends widely, make good friends, not only with people similar to yourself, but also people with opposite personalities, seek common ground while reserving differences, learn from each other and complement each other, handle the relationship of competition and compatibility, and better improve Yourself.

    (3) The principle of mutual benefit: 

    This refers to the mutual benefit of both parties. Interpersonal communication is a two-way behavior, so there is a saying of "communicating without communication and irrational". Interpersonal communication that only benefits unilaterally cannot last. Therefore, it is necessary for both parties to benefit, not only materially, but also spiritually, so both parties must pay attention to dedication and dedication.

    (4) The principle of credit: 

    Credit is inseparable from communication. Credit refers to being honest, not deceiving, and keeping promises. The ancients had a motto of "it is difficult to follow a horse without saying a word". 

    Now there is the principle of honesty. Don't make promises lightly. Once you make a promise, try to realize it so as not to lose your trust. Among friends, words must be believed, deeds must be resolute, not humble or overbearing, dignified but not too reserved, humble and not pretending to be hypocritical, do not bow down to please the honorable, and do not despise the humbler to show their self-confidence and gain the trust of others.

    (5) The principle of tolerance: 

    It is manifested in the non-principle issues, the ability to repay grievances with virtue, and tolerance. Misunderstandings and contradictions often arise in interpersonal communication. College students have strong personalities and close contact, which will inevitably lead to conflicts. 

    This requires college students not to be fussy in their interactions, but to be humble, tolerant, and tolerant, not to care about the other's attitude or words, and to be brave enough to take responsibility for their own actions, "to be able to support the prime minister." He is noisy, you are not; he is fierce, you are not; he scolds, you do not scold. 

    As long as we are broad-minded and accommodate others, the angry party will also feel boring. Tolerance and restraint are not a sign of weakness or cowardice. On the contrary, it is a measurable performance, a lubricant for building good interpersonal relationships, and it can "turn wars into jade" and win more friends.


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    What are the basic elements of interpersonal communication?

    In our society, the basic elements of interpersonal communication are as follows:


    1. The interlocutor includes the sender and receiver of information and onlookersbaiThe sender and receiver change constantly in the communication, therefore, a person has to alternately play the roles of the sender and receiver in the communication. The interlocutor can be a one-to-one relationship or a person-to-group relationship.

    2. Information includes language information and non-verbal information, and language information includes oral language (speaking, conversation) and written language (letters, articles, newspapers, blackboard newspapers, etc.). Non-verbal information includes auxiliary language (voice, intonation, speaking rate), eye contact, expression, instrument, gesture, posture, distance, contact, smell, etc. The communicator's expression ability, acceptance ability, understanding ability, and cognitive ability will affect the quality of information sending and receiving.

    3. Interpersonal cognition will be affected by factors such as personal knowledge, experience, interest, purpose, first impression, stereotype, halo effect, superstition psychology, cultural differences, etc., but also by the environment and personal mental state during the interaction Impact.

    4. Interpersonal reactions have direct interpersonal reactions, expressing the true inner thoughts; hidden interpersonal reactions, through the conscious disguise, no longer express inner true thoughts.

    5. There can be many types of interpersonal relationships, such as husband and wife relationships, colleague relationships, subordinate relationships, partnerships, friend relationships, doctor-patient relationships, etc. Different interpersonal relationships contain different communication purposes and communication methods and should be used in a manner that is similar to interpersonal relationships. Adapted communication methods.

    6. Interpersonal attraction refers to the degree to which people like and are willing to be close to each other, which determines the quality of interpersonal relationships and the success or failure of interpersonal communication.

    7. The environment, place, atmosphere, space arrangement, time arrangement, etc. of the interaction.

    8. Background affects political status, economic level, cultural level, living class, religious beliefs, ethnic differences, cultural differences, traditional concepts, ethics, morals, occupation, age, personality, etc.


    What are the basic elements of interpersonal relationships?

    In our society, the basic elements of the interpersonal relationship are as follows:

    Seven elements of interpersonal relationship

    An interpersonal relationship is an interdependent and interrelated social relationship among social groups. People are social animals, each individual has its own unique thought, background, attitude, personality, behavior mode, and values. 

    However, the interpersonal relationship has a great impact on everyone's mood, life, and work, even on organizational atmosphere, organizational communication, organizational efficiency, and between individuals and organizations.

    Since we are all part of society, we are indispensable to a certain group - you and your family, friends, classmates, teachers, colleagues, and so on. In real life, why do some people have a rich range of communication? 

    While some people are always alone, and their relationships with friends and colleagues are not very harmonious? 

    Here is a list of seven elements of building interpersonal relationships, hoping to help you.


    1. Real

    Be true to others and make you unique. You are yourself. Don't pretend to be other.

    Some psychological books like to mention the idea of pretending to be what you want to be. Its essence is that as long as you first pretend to look like the ideal person, you will eventually become that person. But, in the end, you still pretend.

    So get rid of this false psychological dogma and do everything you can in your own way. From your real ideas and beliefs, from your real self, to find improvement and improvement, try new things, and create value.
    Trust is the prerequisite of building interpersonal relationships. The most essential foundation of trust is to believe that someone is the same as he or she is a real person.

    2. Be interested in others (not just yourself)

    It's true that interesting people will get attention, but I believe that those who are interested in others will be appreciated because we always like those who are interested in ourselves.

    Imagine that when you go shopping, the salesman comes to introduce the product to you. If he introduces products, he also focuses on how to best help you and meet your needs. 

    You must be nice to him, not because he is an interesting person. On the contrary, if one of the salesmen praised how great the product was, the result would be totally different. In fact, those successful salesmen in real life are the former.

    When you express your interest in others and want to know them better, not out of terrible curiosity, but in order to provide better help or service, the other party will be grateful and feel honored. Learning to appreciate the people we serve will increase the value of the services we provide.

    3. Listen correctly for more information

    When you are interested in people, they will provide important information that you can use to create value. For example, if you know that your boss hates long memos, you know that you can impress him with short reports and win his favor. 

    Or, at lunch with her client, she confided that she was looking for a new product because it had something to do with a question of interest to her 14-year-old son. You know that because you care and ask about her family - and listen to the other person's answers.

    Try to get to know others and seek information that will help provide better service, which will win the favor of the other party. Understanding and recognizing their needs will increase the value of your services to them.

    4. Understanding

    If you are interested in others, listen carefully and try to really understand them, you can better understand their feelings. Your feelings may not always be the same - if they are the same, you are the most compassionate person - but when you can understand and understand their feelings, you can really put yourself in their shoes. 

    Being understood by others is one of the strongest needs of human beings, but there are too many times that people in our lives either don't care or don't want to spend their energy to understand our real feelings.

    A wise man once said, "be kind. Everyone you meet is going through a tough struggle. " The man who said this was Philo, who lived 2000 years ago. Since then, the world has not changed much, and his advice is still the soul of true compassion.



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    5. Honest

    The essence of communication art is not to say what the other party wants to hear but to tell them what they need to know in a way that the other party can hear. 

    I sum up all business strategies into a simple tenet: believe what you say, and do what you want. In other words, don't promise what you can't do; don't let others have unrealistic and unsatisfied expectations for you; don't take it easy. Be a man, a woman, or an organization that believes. This is honesty.

    6. Be ready to help others

    Small things can make big changes, and many small things can add up to make a huge change.

    Many years ago, I learned how to help strangers from a friend Ken. If I see a group of people taking pictures, and one of them is taking pictures, I will take the initiative to help, so that everyone can be taken in.

    Even the act of opening a door for someone else implies Fred's spirit. So don't forget to be friendly - others won't forget you.

    7. Punctual

    For most people, they have far less time than their disposable income. Caring for others and giving them time is the most precious gift. Through punctual, efficient, and quick actions, we can save others' time, create value, and change mediocrity into excellence. 

    The relationship with others is equal to the time you spend with them, so you must make the best use of your time, care for others, and serve them.


    What are the Elements of Interpersonal Communication?



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